Angola’s economy has grown with a reported annual average GDP growth of 11% from 2001 to 2010. Despite its extensive resources, corruption, particularly in the oil sector is rife and this wealth has not filtered down to the population. Its economy relies on petroleum and the worldwide drop in prices has devastated the economy. The drought and high temperatures have worsened food insecurity and 40% of the population live below the poverty line. Some of the country’s infrastructure is still damaged from its 27-year-long civil war that ended in 2002.
In 1991, the Angolan government asked JAM to provide emergency nutritional relief in the country. Despite renewed civil war, JAM remained in the country where operations are focused in Benguela. JAM implements four programmes: Nutritional School Feeding, Malnutrition Prevention, Agricultural Development and Water Well Drilling (Sanitation and Hygiene).
JAM feeds children in schools in fully JAM funded, partially and privately funded projects. Many rural communities do not have access to safe drinking water, placing thousands of people at risk of deadly waterborne diseases. In response, JAM has drilled water wells and installed hand pumps since 2007. Angola has one of the highest child mortality rates in the world, with many children suffering from chronic and severe malnutrition JAM helps eliminate malnutrition by providing life-saving milk formula to six clinics.
Mozambique has suffered a civil war, natural disasters and has one of the lowest Human Index Development Scores – placing it among some of the world’s poorest countries. Economically, the Southern African nation remains in a difficult situation and, in addition to struggling with debt, is also at the mercy of ongoing erratic weather patterns and severe drought cause by the El Nino climate system that’s affecting much of the region. Since 1984, when JAM founder Peter Pretorius became stranded in Pambarra, and witnessed up to 30 people dying daily from starvation, JAM has supplied millions of meals to children, developed agricultural projects, provided safe drinking water, built factories, schools and clinics in the country. These projects have all had a positive impact on the people of this impoverished but hopeful nation. JAM’s primary objective is to empower commercial and smallholder farmers by creating a self-sustaining economy that positively influences food security within the region. Since our presence in Mozambique. JAM, together with its partners, have created a multi-pronged approach to the specific needs of the country. Our programmes has supplied millions of meals to children, developed agricultural projects, provided safe drinking water, built schools, clinics and a factory.
- Sustainable Agricultural Development To combat the cycle of poverty and food insecurity, we have introduced the Farm, Empower, Enhance and Distribute (FEED) cycle. This sustainable approach aims to make farming profitable for families and communities. This high-payoff outgrower scheme helps us provide all the maize and soya needed for school feeding and also encourages agricultural development by helping local farmers become commercially viable.
- Nutritional School Feeding: Aiming at the heart of the troubling lack of access to food in some areas of the country, JAM supplies school meals to children every school day. Through this programme, the children in Inhambane Province, Mozambique are fed with food grown at the Pambarra Life Centre Training Farm.
- Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH): In order to bring a clean and safe water to communities, we drill and install water wells in areas where it’s not uncommon for women and young girls to walk up four hours a day to collect often contaminated water from rivers and makeshift dams. Our water programme includes rehabilitation of hand-pumped water water wells and training on the effective and sustainable use of those wells. We also establish WASH committees in the recipient communities to monitor and promote responsible water-use and hygiene.
Rwanda is recovering from the ethnic strife that culminated in genocide in 1994. The West African nation has long struggled with its legacy of ethnic tension, with the genocide having decimated the county’s fragile economic base and severely impoverishing the population. Although it has made substantial progress since then, Rwanda is hampered by its small, landlocked economy. It is a rural country where 90% of the population relies on subsistence farming.
After 1994, JAM worked in cooperation with the Department of Social Development to establish a home for displaced children and orphans, who were most affected by the crisis. In 1994, JAM built the Fred Nkunda Life Centre in the town of Gitarama to house 800 orphans and helped more than 12 000 children reunite with caregivers or be fostered.
In 2014, JAM transformed the orphanage into the JAM Skills Training Centre (STC). The centre offers young adults the education and training to equip them to improve their lives. It is aligned with JAM’s vision of Helping Africa help itself and the belief that without education there can be no development. The training centre attracts growing numbers of students from across Rwanda and even neighbouring countries.
Programme Details Of The STC
- The skills centre was built in response to the changing needs of young Rwandese.
- Students follow the national education curriculum and the Rwandan Department of Education assesses them independently.
- Those without a high school diploma are able to complete a one-year certificate, and those who have completed high school can enrol in a three-year course.
- The STC provides instruction in welding, hairdressing, culinary arts, masonry and carpentry, with female students also encouraged to study in male-dominated fields and with management having sound plans for expansion.
- In addition, all students are also taught French, English, mathematics, entrepreneurship and computer literacy.
As the world’s youngest country, South Sudan should be one full of hope, yet war and the crippling drought has caused great despair and food insecurity. The nation struggles with interrelated threats, explosive political conflict between government and opposing forces, dire economic difficulties and massive displacement of its people.
By 2016, the humanitarian catastrophe had deepened and famine loomed. The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre estimated that by July there were 1,8 million internally displaced people (IDPs). Violence continues to affect South Sudanese in all ten states and more than four million people are currently facing starvation.
In South Sudan, JAM focuses on the greatest need, which are short-term emergency response projects and works with other organisations to assess needs in a particular area to position programmes. In 2016, JAM helped to assess the Pibor area, to scale up nutritional interventions there.
We is also involved in multiple interventions in other areas. In spite of logistical difficulties brought on by ongoing political strife,JAM has been working in South Sudan for more than a decade and have learned how to operate efficiently even in conflict situations.
- General Food Distribution: Food parcels are distributed to severely food insecure households and include the Blanket Supplementary Feeding Programme, which are child focused and intended to reduce malnutrition in children under five.
- Food For Education: Children receive meals every school day.
- Food For Assets/Cash for Assets: Community members who create assets and infrastructure are paid with cash or with food.
- Health and Nutrition: Food is provided to children, with a focus on Severe Acute Malnutrition, childbearing women and pregnant and lactating women.
- Food security and livelihood: Emergency livelihood kits are provided and training is given to farmers and anglers to protect their livelihoods.
The country has a first and third world economy, which exist parallel to one another. Although the economy grew by 3,6% by late 2016, unemployment, poverty and inequality remain as severe challenges while, in informal settlements, poverty and crime are widespread.
Broad transformation is needed to reverse this outlook but, until then, government and partners like JAM need to intervene. Our programmes aim to deal with these challenges by providing nutritional feeding and school makeovers for infrastructure development.
In 2005, JAM South Africa was established as the local operation of JAM International. Through partnerships with local government, various organisations and donors, JAM SA feeds more than 84 000 children every school day. In 2014, we introduced nutritional assessments to measure the impact of our programmes.
Despite ongoing challenges, several successes were achieved and our programmes became operational in all nine provinces.
- Nutritional school feeding: JAM SA delivers, monitors and evaluates feeding children in day care centres.
- Infrastructure development through Makeovers: We renovate the daycare centres in which we feed children.
- ECD practitioner training: JAM works with partners to provide training to daycare centre childminders.
- Agricultural training: We involve the community directly to make sure we take their concerns and needs into account., while also training community farmers and establishing vegetable gardens at early childhood development centres and in communities.
School Feeding Pilot programme and expansion plans
JAM has partnered with the Government of Sierra Leone through a series of engagements and consultations throughout 2018 leading to the implementation of the JAM School Feeding Pilot programme in November 2018.
Broadly this partnership will be anchored upon the JAM F.E.E.D model “Farm, Empower, Enhance, Distribute”. F.E.E.D is a model developed through years of agriculture development implementation in Mozambique. The JAM FEED model aligns directly to GoSL’s Poverty Reduction Strategy and the Free Quality Education Programme (FQEP) objective and will be implemented in phases. JAM is developing a holistic and sustainable model that promotes local food production, procurement, processing, and distribution, which is anchored on active participation of entrepreneurial farmers in the local agricultural value chains.
The initial phase was the pilot School Feeding programme, which was implemented in November 2018 to 15,000 children in the Yele area of Tonkolili District. Early impact was recorded during the pilot phase, in 88 pre- and primary schools in the District, where fortified rice was used for feeding school children. Feeding started on the 18th of November 2018 and our monitoring showed that within 2 weeks the number of children attending school increased to 19,800. Children who were not yet registered for school came to attend school so that they could be fed. Such a high increase in school enrolment and attendance was not expected so soon into the implementation of the pilot phase. There was an increased attendance of about 30% in the three weeks of the School Feeding pilot. This was evidence to us that the school feeding initiative was well received. We always like to see more children attending school! Through School Feeding we can reduce short term hunger in children, promote regular school attendance and overtime contribute to broader positive education outcomes.
Our plan is to expand this programme to reach 120,000 children in the early part of 2019.
Food security and Livelihoods programming
Agricultural development programming
JAM works with South Sudanese refugees in Uganda’s Arua district. In partnership with a national organization called Uganda Refugee and Disaster Management Council (URDMC), JAM implements Food Security and livelihoods, and WASH interventions, in Zone 3 of Imvepi Refugee camp.
Beneficiaries receive WASH NFI Kits to improve sanitation and hygiene. A total of 16,023 beneficiaries have been reached with these interventions by the end of December 2018.
Beneficiaries in the Ugandan refugee camp receive agriculture training and start up kits for developing food gardens. The seemingly small innovation in vegetable gardening has attracted a lot of attention within the camp and wider humanitarian community in the area, because these refugees are following the steps given at their demonstration plots to diversify their diet with the support from JAM. We are the only NGO implementing this kind of intervention for these refugees.
We have been so impressed to see how the vegetable garden programme has been adopted by these families, they are already producing enough crop to sell their surplus harvest to other refugees within the camp. Before our programme these refugees relied solely on maize and beans distributed by other agencies.