Cyclone Eloise – Emergency Response
|Overview of humanitarian situation||Type of emergency||Tropical Cyclone displacement|
|Affected Districts||Dondo, Muanza and Cheringoma districts, Sofala Province|
|Affected Population||32,461 households: 162,305 individuals|
|Overview of JAM’s humanitarian response||Goal||To save lives, reduce human suffering and restore human dignity|
|Project result||500 disaster affected families (est. 2,500 persons) in 3 localities in 3 districts have shelter, access to emergency non-food items (NFIs), clean potable water and improved sanitation and improved hygiene practices|
|Target population||500 disaster affected families (Approx. 2,500 persons) in 3 districts|
|Intervention area||3 districts of Dondo, Muanza and Chringoma|
|Budget required||£100 per household or £20 per person per month|
|Period||1 February 2021 to 30 April 2021|
Mozambique which is prone to natural disasters, such as cyclones, floods and droughts is currently experiencing yet another humanitarian emergency after Cyclone Eloise made a landfall in the early hours of 23 January 2021 in Sofala province causing widespread destruction. Cyclone Eloise made a landfall near the coastal city of Beira, with winds of 140km/h and gusts up to 160km/h, according to Mozambique’s National Institute of Meteorology (INAM). Beira received 250mm of rain in 24 hours, according to INAM, while other areas that were flooded ahead of Eloise’s landfall—including Buzi and Nhamatanda, also received additional heavy rains. After landfall, Eloise downgraded to a moderate tropical storm with a maximum wind speed of 83km/hr. While it is too early to quantify the true magnitude of the damage caused by the cyclone, initial reports obtained from JAM and other sources on the ground indicate the severity of the crisis caused by the cyclone. The risk of further severe flooding remains high as many rivers in Mozambique’s central and southern regions are already above alert levels. This includes Sofala province.
This disaster comes amidst an ongoing COVID-19 pandemic in which confirmed cases continue to show a worrying upward trend. The government of Mozambique announced new COVID-19 restrictive measures which came into effect on 15 January for 21 days. The announcement came as health authorities reported that new COVID-19 cases had tripled in less than a week, following a “lack of adherence by the public to preventive measures against COVID-19 during the festive season,” according to the Director of Research at the National Health Institute (INS). This situation will further complicate the flood response as affected populations will be unable to socially distance and adhere to hygiene protocols.
The affected populations are facing multiple challenges with regards to access to food, shelter and water and sanitation services. This constitutes an increased strain on already stressed resources in areas that are still recovering and rebuilding from the effects of Cyclone Idai, March 2019.
The government’s National Institute for Disaster Risk Management and Reduction (INGD) is coordinating the national response. According to INGD’s preliminary assessment report of 24/1/2021 the cyclone affected 2 provinces of Sofala and Manica. The most affected locations in Sofala Province are Buzi, Machanga and Cheringoma, while in Manica Province are Muzonze and Chiwerio districts. The INGD’s preliminary assessment indicated that approximately 32,461 households (162,305 individuals) were affected, 3,343 houses destroyed and 20 government infrastructures destroyed. People are currently housed in resettlement areas. Schools were also destroyed: 30 schools in Beira, 20 schools in Dondo and 20 schools in Muanza. The assessment is ongoing, and the precise number of people affected will be provided in due course.
While the exact number of people affected is yet to be established, JAM is working to position itself to immediately respond to the known urgent needs of people affected based on experience and knowledge of having responded to Cyclone Idai in the same geographical location.
JAM’s Immediate proposal to respond
The Cyclone Eloise Emergency Response project will save lives, reduce human suffering and restore human dignity of 500 cyclone affected families (est. 2,500 people) in three localities in the Dondo, Muanza and Chiringoma districts of Sofala province by providing access to emergency Non Food Items, clean potable water and practice improved sanitation and hygiene practices within 3 months.
Early indications are that the affected areas in Sofala Province around and outside Beira include Buzi, Machanga and Cheringoma where JAM will initiate its emergency response are at great risk of disease due to excess water and floods. As more information is obtained on the true extent of the destruction and the extent of needs become clearer, more people are expected to need support and JAM will adapt its response accordingly. JAM’s project team are on the ground and have experience of working in these localities and know the communities well. Working in close collaboration and coordination with other actors on the ground, to avoid duplication, JAM intends to immediately provide emergency NFIs and safe potable water to meet the emergency needs of 500 affected families in three districts to cover the first 90 days.
Emergency NFI kits will include water purification tablets, plastic sheeting (tarpaulins for roofing), blankets, mosquito nets, water storage containers, cooking utensil sets, multi-purpose soap, dignity kits, menstrual hygiene products, Protective Personal Equipment to prevent transmission of COVID-19, an installation of 15 community handwashing stations.
Improved sanitation and hygiene practices will improved through hygiene awareness messaging carried out by JAM project staff and installation of handwashing stations to prevent water-borne diseases such as cholera and spread of COVID-19. The provision of WASH assistance to the affected families will leverage the humanitarian response programming JAM is already implementing in partnership with partners such as UNICEF and WFP in the country.
Post Emergency Response period:
After the initial 90 days response, JAM will transition to rehabilitation and early recovery activities. We will focus mainly on rehabilitation of farms through provision of seeds and tools as well as training in resilient / climate smart agriculture. This will enable production of food to resume and increase food security of affected communities. JAM plans to partner with UN agencies and other donors to promote livelihood activities such as rehabilitation of community assets using Cash for Work modality to ensure continued support to these affected families to ensure self-sustainability of families and greater resilience against floods. This post emergency response will target all at risk vulnerable families to ensure greater resilience of the most marginalized households against future floods, improving diets and household income for children/young people, elderly and person with disabilities who are members of affected households.
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